Degree in Medicine, Porto (1970). Specialist in Neurology by the Portuguese Medical Association (1979). Competence in Electroencephalography/Clinical Neurophysiology by the OM (1984). Head of Hospital Service (1989). Master's course in Public Health, with success, without dissertation, ICBAS/FMP (1996-98). Post-graduation in Medical Law, Faculty of Law, University of Coimbra (2002-03). Neurologist at the Gaia Hospital Centre (1979-91), clinical neurophysiologist at the S. Sebastião Hospital, Santa Maria da Feira (2001-05), private and contracted neurologist/electroencephalographist in VN Gaia (1980/85-2005). Regional coordinator of the Citizen's Offices in ARS Norte (2005-2008). Member of the ethics committees of the Soc. Port. de Neurologia (2000-03), Hosp. São Sebastião, Feira (2002-05), ARS Norte (2009-11) and Public Health Institute of University of Porto (2013-16). Member of the National Ethics Council for Life Sciences (2009-14). Retired (2008). Medal of Distinguished Services ("gold" grade) from the Ministry of Health (2010). Listening student of the chairs of the Philosophy degree, Faculty of Arts, University of Porto (2014-16).